Toe atrophy caused by carpenter ants in Vaux's Swifts

BULL E.L. and TORGERSEN T.R.

12 38
Read Article     Download


Abstract:

Three cases of toe atrophy caused by carpenter ants Camponotus sp. are described in Vaux's Swift in northeastem Oregon. We monitored Il Vaux's Swift (Chaetura vauxi) nests in 1993 in Union, Umatilla, and Baker Counties in northeastem Oregon, USA.