La cicogna nera Ciconia nigra  in Italia: tendenze storiche,biologia riproduttiva e fenologia

BORDIGNON L., BRUNELLI M. , VISCEGLIA M.

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Abstract:

The black stork Ciconia nigra in Italy: historical trends, breeding biology and phenology. During the first national survey on black storks (1800-2005), 3727 records were collected from bibliography and direct observations. The species is present mainly during migration in spring generally in southern regions and along the eastern coast of the country and in autumn in northern regions and along the Tyrrhenian coast. Altough rare, wintering is increasing, and 4-6 breeding pairs has been recorded since 1994 in Piedmont, Latium, Basilicata and Calabria. Habitat deterioration, poaching and electrocution are the main threats in Italy for the species.