Author Guidelines


Manuscripts should be sent as an attachment to the Editor-in-Chief, Bruno Massa ( Each manuscript will be considered for publication on the understanding that it has not also been submitted to another journal. Authors are invited to suggest up to three suitable referees and are requested to reveal any possible conflict of interest they might have with other researchers at the time of submission. Manuscripts will be evaluated on the condition that they have been formatted according to the “Instructions to Authors”. Avocetta strongly encourages authors to submit manuscripts in English and advises non-native speakers to consult professional translators before submission. Manuscripts will be reviewed by at least two referees; the Associate Editor in charge will follow the editorial process from submission to eventual acceptance or rejection. The editorial decision (acceptance, request of major or minor revisions, rejection) will be communicated to the corresponding author together with other relevant information (expected date of publication, specification of possible page charges for the authors, comments by the referees, etc.) within three months of submission. Only papers in English will be published. We can however manage revision process of manuscript in other languages (Italian, Spanish, French), but manuscripts will be translated to English (at cost charge to the authors) once accepted and prior to publication.
Avocetta offers a service of professional translation and proof language correction managed by the Editorial Board, to ensure fair costs and fast time of revision. Authors interested in this service should contact:

Manuscript typologies and format
Avocetta accept papers in three possible formats: full research articles, reviews and short notes.
In all the cases, the manuscript should be formatted having a first page which include:

  1. Title
  2. Names(s) of Author(s)
  3. Institutional affiliation
  4. Short title
  5. Abstract (starting with the title in English, if the manuscript is in other language)
  6. Key-words

Abstract should be no longer than 350 words for articles and reviews and 150 words for short notes.
The other sections of the manuscript are (in order):

  1. Introduction
  2. Materials and Methods
  3. Results
  4. Discussion
  5. Acknowledgements
  6. References
  7. Tables
  8. Figure legends
  9. Figures
  10. Appendices

Headings should be written in bold and capital letters, whereas subheadings and the Acknowledgements should be in bold letters. Short Notes should not contain headings and are limited to 3000 words.
Manuscripts should be prepared with lines numbered consecutively, using Times New Roman 12 format. Scientific names should be reported in italics without parentheses the first time the species is mentioned in the text. Common names of species should be reported in uppercase. Standard abbreviations should be used measurements (mm, m, km, g, kg, Hz, s, min, h, °C, etc.), as well as for statistics (r, rs, t, χ2, F, U, Z, df, SD, SE, N, P). Points (.) should be adopted as decimal marks and commas (,) as thousand separators.

References should be written as (Moltoni & Frugis 1967) or Moltoni & Frugis (1967) and (Frugis et al. 1979) or Frugis et al. (1979) when cited in the text.

References should be listed in alphabetical order, adopting the following format:
Moltoni E. & Frugis S., 1967. Gli Uccelli delle Isole Eolie (Messina, Sicilia). Riv. ital. Orn. 37: 93-234.
Salvadori T., 1872. Fauna d’Italia. Uccelli. Vallardi, Milan.
Fisher J., 1954. Evolution and bird sociality. In: Huxley J. (ed), Evolution as a Process. Macmillan Publishing, New York, pp. 71-83.
Journal abbreviations should be written in accordance with the World List of Scientific Periodicals. In press articles should be cited as “in press”, that should replace the year of publication in the reference list.

Tables and Figures
Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred to in the text. Tables should be readable and contain a legend (both in Italian and English, if the manuscript is in Italian) above the table. Within the text, tables should be cited as Tab. 1, Tab. 2, etc.
Figures should be sent separately from the manuscript as excel, jpeg or tif file, with a resolution of at least 200 dpi. Figure legends (both in Italian and English, if the manuscript is in Italian) should be reported in the proper section. Within the text, figures should be cited as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc.
Colour figures (.jpg / .tif /.tiff formats at least at 300 dpi of resolution) are accepted for the online version of the paper, including the open-access pdf that will be published on the journal website. However, we ne ed a black and white version of each figure for the printed version of Avocetta.

Electronic Supplementary Material
Articles published in Avocetta may be supplemented by additional data in the form of Electronic Supplementary Material (ESM), that will be published on the journal website,. As for the manuscripts, ESM will be reviewed by editors and referees. ESMs may be tables, figures, datasets, videos or photographs. Each one should be numbered consecutively (e.g. ESM 1, ESM 2, etc) and the authors should properly mention each of them in the manuscript text. A manuscript must, however, contain sufficient detail to allow readers to completely understand rationale and results, without referring to ESMs. Editors and referees may suggest authors to move some of their Materials and Methods or Results as ESM. ESMs should be submitted to Avocetta as a single pdf file.

After acceptance
Once a manuscript has been accepted, a doi will be immediately assigned and the paper will be published in a non-formatted pdf on the website, in the ‘early view’ section. This process reduces to few days the time lapse from paper acceptance to its availability for the scientific community. In the following weeks, Authors will receive the formatted article proofs that should be revised within two weeks. At the publication of the Avocetta half-yearly issue, the final pdf of the manuscript will be published on the website in the ‘latest issue’ section of the website.
Each accepted manuscript should be associated to a small .jgp or .tif image that will be used to promoted the article on the journal website and in the social media. We therefore demand the authors to submit this image, ideally representing the study species and/or the study environment.
All the articles, short notes and special section contents published in Avocetta are fully open access on the journal website.